A SELF JOIN is another type of join in sql which is used to join a table to itself, specially when the table has a FOREIGN KEY which references its own PRIMARY. query with self-join or the same query with subquery instead of .. Also can you please explain how Oracle query processing handles this type of queries when. Self Joins. A self join is a join of a table to itself. This table appears twice in the FROM clause and is followed by table aliases that qualify column names in the join condition. To perform a self join, Oracle Database combines and returns rows of the table that satisfy the join condition.


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Oracle SQL for self join

Example " Cartesian Products If two tables in a join query have no join condition, then Oracle Database returns their Cartesian self join in oracle.

Oracle combines each row of one table with each row of the other. A Cartesian product always generates many rows and is rarely useful. For example, the Cartesian product of two tables, each with rows, has 10, rows.

Oracle Self Join By Practical Examples

Always include a join condition unless you specifically need a Cartesian product. If a query joins three or more tables and you do not specify a join condition for a specific pair, then the optimizer may choose a join order self join in oracle avoids producing an intermediate Cartesian product.

Inner Joins An inner join sometimes called a simple join is a join of two or more tables that returns only those rows that satisfy the join condition. Outer Joins An outer join extends the result of a simple join.

An outer join self join in oracle all rows that satisfy the join condition and also returns some or all of those rows from one table for which no rows from the other satisfy the join condition.

For all rows in A that have no matching rows in B, Oracle Database returns null for any select list expressions containing columns of B.


For all rows in B that have no matching rows in A, Oracle returns null for any select list expressions containing columns of A. You can use outer joins to fill gaps in sparse data.

Self Join in Oracle

I am not able to use self join in this case. Thanks in advance, if you can help me.

To Shailesh Self join in oracle 15, - 5: Michel Cadot from France It's easy to write such a query using LEAD function and if you posted a test case create table and insert statements we could show it.

Regards Michel To Michel October 17, - Is there an alternate, more efficient, logic which i can use to replace this one?

Oracle Self Join

Rgds Sanji Followup March 30, - 6: Cannot answer just looking at the view, would need to see the self join in oracle use cases of it. And realize a fix for one segment of your application might be horrible for another Self-join is having more byte and cardinality In this case, I am not sure why the 2nd query is having more bytes and cardinality although cost is lower.

  • Oracle SQL for self join
  • Oracle Self Join example

In this case, is it better to have 1st Query or 2nd Query? The multiple self join can return the first row in general faster than the pivot query self join in oracle pivot query likely has to finish the entire query before getting row 1 back to you - the other query can get row 1 before row 2 but since ID is likely unique, there is just one row, so the pivot query would be the most efficient.

Full table scan August 20, - Oracle has several methods for joining a table to itself, and the SQL for self joins can be done several ways. A self join is used to join a table to itself, and it is commonly used when you have a self join in oracle with dates and you want to compare one date to another within the same table.

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