Ancient Jewish Coinage: Volume 1: Persian Period through Hasmonaeans. Meshorer, Ya'akov. Published by Amphora Books, Used Condition: Near. Ancient Jewish Coinage: Persian period through Hasmonaeans. Front Cover. Yaʻaḳov Meshorer. Amphora Books, - Coins, Jewish - pages. This article presents a survey of recent research in pre-coinage currency of Judaea, coins of the Persian period (Philistia, Edom, Samaria, and.


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Ancient Jewish Coinage I: Persian Period through Hasmonaeans

What archaeologists find is important. In the Holy Land, coins are not found until about years later. This total absence of coins—despite extensive excavations—is an important datum in itself. It means that Biblical references to specific coins during the First Temple Period c.

The Biblical historian writing meshorer ancient jewish coinage a later time, when coins were in use, assumed—incorrectly—that they were in use at an earlier period. There are several examples of this kind of anachronism in the Bible. The author of the first book of Chronicles writing during the Persian Period — B.

Before the introduction of coinage, commerce and exchange were carried on in the Meshorer ancient jewish coinage Land by weighing precious metals—gold and silver—with weights and scales.

This system was cumbersome, and the accuracy of the weights was questionable. It was also difficult for the ordinary merchant to judge the purity of the metal.

The Holy Land in Coins : Center for Online Judaic Studies

With the development of international commerce, a better and simpler means of meshorer ancient jewish coinage was inevitable.

In Biblical sources written before B. Most of the ingots mentioned in the Bible are gold, such as the gold ingots meshorer ancient jewish coinage by Achan which brought the Israelite defeat at Ai see Joshua The references to shekels in this passage are to a unit of weight, as is clear from the passage itself; only much later did the shekel become a coin.

These silver ingots and two broken curved pieces of jewelry on the right were both used as currencies in the Holy Land during the time of Jeremiah 7th century B.


Jewelry was deliberately molded into certain standard weights. Biblical descriptions of jewelry—earrings and bracelets—often include exact weights; the jewelry was deliberately molded into meshorer ancient jewish coinage standard weights, so that it could be used as a means of exchange.

Gradually coinage spread throughout the Greek world.

By the end of the 6th century B. Several Greek coins from the end of the 6th century B. By the 5th century B.

Ancient Jewish Coins: Bibliography

Most of the coins were Greek, but the meshorer ancient jewish coinage Phoenician coins are evidence of the beginnings of local Middle Eastern mintings. Scholars are still puzzled as to why Persian coins were not used in the Eastern Mediterranean coastal region at this time, despite the fact that Persia ruled the area between Asia Minor in the north and Egypt in the south during the 5th and 4th centuries B.

Gold darics and silver sigloi of Persia, for some unexplained reason, circulated only in Persia, Meshorer ancient jewish coinage and Asia Minor, but not in Palestine, Syria, and Transjordan. This coin was a local imitation of an Athenian coin.

It is a silver tetradrachma minted in Gaza in the 5th century B. The profile head is the goddess, Pallas Athena, and on the opposite side is the owl, her holy bird. Coins began to be minted in the Holy Meshorer ancient jewish coinage itself about B. The first coins were struck in Gaza on the Mediterranean coast.

Naturally enough, they imitated Athenian and Phoenician coins, and depicted typical Greek and oriental symbols. B Early fourth century coins from Gaza are especially interesting because they so clearly reflect the variety of cultures which had been absorbed by the local population.

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