Definition: A merger is the combination of two companies into one by either closing the old entities into one new entity or by one company absorbing the other. A merger is a corporate strategy of combining different companies into a single company in order to enhance the financial and operational strengths of both organizations. How It Works. A merger usually involves combining two companies into a single larger company. A merger is an agreement that unites two existing companies into one new company. There are several types of mergers and also several reasons why companies complete mergers. Mergers and acquisitions are commonly done to expand a company's reach, expand into new segments, or gain market share.


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What is merger? definition and meaning -

A merger is a financial activity that is undertaken in a large variety of industries: There are two main types of mergers: This type of combination can cause anti-trust merger definition depending on the industry. For instance, GM and Ford may not be allowed to merge because of anti-trust laws.


The firms that agree to merge are roughly equal in terms of size, customers, scale of operations, etc. For this reason, merger definition term "merger of equals" is sometimes used.

Merger | Definition of merger in English by Oxford Dictionaries

Mergers are most commonly done to gain market sharereduce costs of operations, expand to new territories, unite common products, grow revenues and increase profits, all of which should benefit the firms' shareholders.

After a merger definition, shares of the new company are distributed to merger definition shareholders of both original businesses.


Deal making continues to be a popular way to grow revenue and earnings for companies of varying merger definition. Types of Mergers There are five main types of company mergers: This is a merger definition between two or more companies engaged in unrelated business activities.

The firms may operate in different industries or different geographical regions. A pure conglomerate involves two firms that have nothing in common. A mixed merger definition, on the other hand, merger definition place between organizations that, while operating in unrelated business activities, are actually trying to gain product or market extensions through the merger.

Companies with no overlapping factors will only merge merger definition it makes sense from a shareholder wealth perspective, that is, if the companies can create synergy.

The combination of the two companies involves a transfer of ownership, either through a stock swap or a cash payment between the two companies.

Merger | Definition of Merger by Merriam-Webster

In practice, merger definition companies surrender their stock and issue new stock as a new company. There are several types of mergers. For merger definition, horizontal mergers may happen between two companies in the same industry, such as banks or steel companies.

Vertical mergers occur between two companies in the same industry value chainsuch as a supplier or distributor or manufacturer.

Mergers between two companies in related, but not the same industry are called concentric mergers.

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