Medicine in ancient Mesopotamia grew out of a folk tradition of what is It has sometimes been claimed that the earliest medicine in Mesopotamia. Unfortunately, while an abundance of cuneiform tablets have survived from ancient Mesopotamia, relatively few are concerned with medical. Mesopotamia were methodically trained, had facilities and tools to treat patients with both pharmaceutical medicine and surgery, and were an integrated and regulated part of society. Herbal medicine and other pharmaceuticals were ubiquitously used tools of asu physicians in ancient Mesopotamia.


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Medicine in Ancient Mesopotamia:Medical practitioners,Doctors,Diseases,Physicians

While if a slave died from receiving surgical treatment, the surgeon only had to pay to replace the slave The medical library of Ashurbanipal, for example, had lists of more than vegetable substances and over minerals substances with ascribed medical properties and how they have been used medicine in ancient mesopotamia treat certain illnesses.

Asu treated wounds by washing, bandaging and creating the first plaster derived from a mixture of medical and herbal ingredients, which were very important for medical treatment.


Diverse spells and charms were usually prescribed by the Asipu. There were also specialized surgeons with medical background and veterinarians who medicine in ancient mesopotamia could be either Asu or Asipu. Dentistry was practiced by both kinds of doctors and both may have also assisted at births.


It was also recognized that various organs could simply malfunction, causing illness. There were two distinct types of professional medical practitioners in the ancient Mesopotamian city-states.


The first type of practitioner is called ashipu, who in older texts is identified as a sorcerer or the witch doctor. One of medicine in ancient mesopotamia most important roles of the ashipu was to diagnose the ailment.

In the case of internal diseases or difficult cases the ashipu determined which god or demon was causing the illness.

Medicine in Ancient Mesopotamia - Robert Biggs,

He also attempted to determine if the disease was the result of some error or sin on the part of the patient. He prescribed charms and spells that were designed to drive out the spirit causing the disease.

The medicine in ancient mesopotamia part of the article includes a brief perspective about the political and social evolution that characterized those archaic civilizations, as well as the inventions and knowledge further used by the following Humanity's generations.

Most of what is known on the subject, as well as the history and political-social events that occurred in the region during that remote epoch, resulted of the laborious decoding of about half a million small clay plates or fragments with text engravings in cuneiform characters that were discovered since the middle of the XIX century in the ruins of the main cities of the Babylonian and Assyrian empires.

The second part embraces exclusively the main characteristics of the medicine in Ancient Mesopotamia, in its main facets:

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